The Western Arctic from the CBL 2002 cruise
HIGH LATITUDE DYNAMICSObservational-based Studies of Physical Processes in Ice-covered Waters, especially the Arctic
University of Washington
1013 NE 40th Street, Seattle, WA 98105, U.S.A.
|BERING STRAIT MOORING CRUISE
The Changing Arctic Ocean
- website for UW interdisciplinary graduate course
by Jody Deming and Rebecca Woodgate, Spring Quarter 2012
- website for UW interdisciplinary undergraduate course
by Rebecca Woodgate, Spring Quarter 2011
|And something different:
Change Ringing at the University of Washington
Bering Strait - Pacific Gateway
International Polar Year Bering Strait
Atlantic Waters in the Western Arctic
Changing Seasonality of the Arctic Ocean
BEST - Bering Sea
Chukchi Borderland - Arctic Crossroads
North Pole Environmental Observatory
Arctic Circulation at the Lomonosov Ridge
Arctic change from Russian Data
(full list below)
North Pole Camp
SBI 2003 Mooring Cruise
Polar Science Weekend: The Future of Arctic Sea-Ice
(2007 Polar Science Weekend Website)
Observed increase in Bering Strait oceanic fluxes from the Pacific to the Arctic from 2001 to 2011 and their impact on the Arctic Ocean water column Woodgate et al, accepted 2012 GRL
Quantifying Sea-Ice Volume Flux using Moored Instrumentation in the Bering Strait Travers 2012 MSc Thesis
Arctic Ocean Circulation - going around at the Top of the World Woodgate 2012, Nature Education Knowledge Project
A Synthesis of Exchanges Through The Main Oceanic Gateways to the Arctic Ocean Beszczynska-Moeller et al., Oceanography, 2011.
The 2007 Bering Strait Oceanic Heat Flux and anomalous Arctic Sea-ice retreat (Woodgate et al., GRL, 2010)
Interannual changes in Bering Strait Fluxes (Woodgate et al., GRL, 2006)
Atlantic Water Circulation in the Chukchi Borderland Region (Woodgate et al., JGR, 2007)
Pacific Ventilation of the Arctic (Woodgate et al., GRL, 2005)
A Year in the Chukchi Sea (Woodgate et al., DSR, 2005)
Influence of sea-ice on ocean heat uptake during increasing CO2 (Bitz et al., JClim, 2006)
Bering Strait Freshwater Flux (Woodgate & Aagaard., GRL, 2005)
Bering Strait Climatology (Woodgate et al., GRL, 2005)
On-line CBL Archive
On-line Chukchi Sea and SBI Archive
JOSS/EOL SBI Archive
1990-1991 Chukchi Data
1995-1996 Lomonosov Data
Data are also archived at national archives, including ADCC and NODC
We aim to study and understand:
- physical processes in the high latitude oceans,
including large-scale circulation, shelf-basin interactions, and water mass formation ;
- linkages between polar oceans and the lower latitudes ;
- the role of polar processes in climate.
We do this primarily with observations, drawing on theory and modelling results to explain processes we observe.
We analyze the data from the moorings and from the CTD using geophysical fluid dynamics, and compare results with simulations from numerical models.
At any time, we work on many different projects.
Bering Strait - Pacific Gateway - The ~ 85 km wide, ~ 50 m deep Bering Strait, at the northern end of the Pacific Ocean, is the only oceanic link between the Pacific and the Arctic. The flow through the strait is (in the mean) northwards, and is an important source of freshwater, heat and nutrients for the Arctic Ocean. Recent measurements suggest an increase in heat flux through the strait. We aim to measure and quantify the Bering Strait fluxes of heat, freshwater and nutrients, and provide a measurement platform for other studies in the region.
Atlantic Waters in the Western Arctic Ocean - Atlantic Waters (AWs) are volumetrically the largest inflow to the
Changing Seasonality of the Arctic Ocean - The Arctic Ocean is (or at least has been) a remarkably quiet place, where ocean currents are sluggish and molecular-scale processes can have basin-scale manifestations. Yet, with retreating summer sea-ice exposing ~ 60% of the Arctic ocean to the seasonal effects of wind, all this may be about to change. This interdisciplinary project addresses potential impacts of increases wind-driven mixing on the internal wave field of the Arctic, with implications for changing stratification and impacts on Arctic ecosystems at the bottom of the foodchain.
BEST - Bering Sea Ecosystem Study - The Bering Sea - lying at the northern end of the Pacific Ocean and north of the Aleutian Chain - is the source of over 50% of the total US fish catch and the home to immense populations of birds and marine mammals. The Bering Sea ecosystem is strongly tied to the seasonal sea-ice, which influences the oceanic environment of the region and also provides a habitat for many species. Recent years have shown significant climate regime shifts in the Bering Sea. As part of the new NSF Bering Ecosystem Study (BEST), we plan to use a state-of-the-art numerical ocean-ice model to investigate prior (and predict future) changes in the Bering Sea ice cover and study the impacts of these changes on Bering Sea marine and eco-systems.
Chukchi Borderland - Arctic Crossroads - Some 600 miles north of the Bering Strait, about 800 miles south of the north pole, is a region of complex sea floor topography known as the Chukchi Borderland. In this region, the nutrient-rich Pacific waters from the Bering Strait meet and interact with the warmer saltier Atlantic waters that entered the Arctic via Fram Strait. Recent results show that a warming of the Fram Strait waters reached this region in the early 2000s. In 2002, we performed an intensive hydrographic survey of the Chukchi Borderland region, to elucidate water mass pathways and important physical processes.
SBI Chukchi - The Chukchi Sea, ~ 500 km wide (east-west) and ~ 800 km long (north-south) is a shallow (~ 50 m deep) shelf sea just north of the Bering Strait and south of the Arctic Ocean proper. It is fed from the south by the Pacific water throughflow through the Bering Strait. As part of the SBI (Shelf-Basin-Interaction) project, we have been studying the flow and transformation of waters in the Chukchi Sea, and measuring pathways, volume and water properties of the Pacific waters that exit the Chukchi Sea into the Arctic Ocean.
North Pole Environmental Observatory- As part of this long term observatory, we are maintaining a subsurface mooring at the North Pole. This mooring is anchored to the sea floor and stretches to within 50 m of the surface. This makes it over 4km (2.5 miles) long. The mooring measures water velocity and water properties in the major layers of the Arctic Ocean (the upper halocline layer, the lower Atlantic layer, and the deeper layers), and also records ice thickness and ice motion.
Arctic Circulation at the Lomonosov Ridge - The major circum Arctic ocean circulation pathway is the Arctic Ocean Boundary Current, an equivalent barotropic current that moves cyclonically (anticlockwise) along the continental shelves of the major ocean basins. Using mooring data from 1995 to 1996 from the Eurasian end of the Lomonosov Ridge, we study how the Lomonosov Ridge splits the Arctic Ocean Boundary Current, with about half the boundary current moving north along the ridge and the other half continuing along the continental slope.
St.Lawrence Polynya - In the northern Bering Sea, when atmospheric conditions are right in winter, a major ocean polynya forms just south of St. Lawrence Island. A dedicated field effort, including year-round moored instrumentation, tested theoretical ideas about shelf convection and the spreading of ventilated water away from the convecting region.
Fram Strait - On the European side of the Arctic, the Fram Strait is the major deep entrance to the Arctic ocean and the primary southward conduit for Arctic freshwater (in the form of water or ice) into the Greenland Sea and North Atlantic. In a joint US-American project, we have measured year-round ice thickness and studied the primary mechanisms controlling the ice flux through the Fram Strait.
Beaufort Sea - Circulation in the Beaufort Sea, with an emphasis on the Boundary Current
Lake Superior - Circulation, convection and frontal processes in Lake Superior.
Arctic change from Russian Data - Interannual and decadal variability of temperature and other water properties from an enhanced version of the 1948-1993 data released under the Gore-Chernomyrdin environmental bilateral agreement.
LR= The Arctic Ocean Boundary Current at the Lomonosov Ridge
BF= Beaufort Sea
BS = Bering Strait
StL=St Lawrence Island
Every year, we engage in different field efforts for our various research projects. Most of our work is ship-based, on cruises which are either dedicated to our project or serving many projects. We also take part in the North Pole field camps, to recover and deploy the North Pole mooring. On some field expeditions, we take along a school teacher, who participates in the science of the cruise and writes a daily web-diary for their classes (and other classes) back on land. If you would like to be that teacher, please contact us.
Links below are to project pages, to individual cruise websites (both science websites and websites for schools) and to individual cruise reports.