Corresponding author: Knut Aagaard (email@example.com)
- The salinity of the dense water formed in the convecting region during the geostrophic adjustment phase increases linearly with time and with the magnitude of the surface flux forcing;
- The density anomaly scale and the equilibration time scale are consistent with the Chapman and Gawarkiewicz [1997a] formulation;
- A front forms on the offshore boundary of the convecting region, with the alongfront flow tending toward geostrophic balance;
- Frontal instabilities develop;
- These instabilities lead to a cross-shelf eddy salt flux equal to the salt rejection rate predicted from a surface heat balance model for the region of active convection;
- The instabilities shed vertically stratified eddies with cyclonic flow at the surface and anticyclonic flow at the bottom;
- The eddies migrate across isobaths; and
- We can quantify the salinity changes experienced by a parcel of dense water as it propagates offshore along the anticipated eddy trajectory.
We gratefully acknowledge financial support for this work from the National Science Foundation (NSF).
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