The large-scale survey uses a Twin Otter fixed wing aircraft. The Twin Otter is an STOL: short take off & landing, a useful feature for landing on short bits of relatively flat sea ice in close proximity to rough ice ridges and open water leads! Note the metal skis on each wheel.
In 2004, we used Unaalik Aviation, which is based in Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada. Our very capable pilot was Paul Rask; our copilot & engineer was Brent Este.