About Jinlun Zhang

Dr. Zhang is interested in understanding how air-ice-ocean interaction in polar oceans affects polar and global climate. He investigates properties of polar ice-ocean systems using large-scale sea ice and ocean models. His recent work has focused on the evolution of the Arctic sea ice cover and the upper ocean in response to significant climate change recently observed in the northern polar ocean. He has developed a coupled global ice-ocean model to study the responses of sea ice to different conditions of surface heat fluxes and the effects of sea ice growth/decay on oceanic thermohaline circulation. He is also interested in developing next-generation sea ice models which capture anisotropic nature of ice dynamics. He has developed efficient sea ice dynamics models that are particularly useful for stable, high-resolution modeling. His research results have been published in the Journal of Physical Oceanography, the Journal of Geophysical Research, the Journal of Climate, Monthly Weather Review, Geophysical Research Letters, Ocean Modeling, and other scientific journals. Dr. Zhang joined the Laboratory in 1994.

In The News

Selected Projects

Selected Publications

  • Lindsay, R., M. Wensnahan, A. Schweiger, and J Zhang, 2014, Evaluation of seven different atmospheric reanalysis products in the Arctic, J. Climate, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-0014.1.

  • Zhang, J., R. Lindsay, A. Schweiger, and M. Steele (2013), The impact of an intense summer cyclone on 2012 Arctic sea ice retreat, Geophys. Res. Lett, doi: 10.1002/grl.50190 (accepted manuscript)

  • Zhang, J., R. Lindsay, A. Schweiger, and I. Rigor, 2012: Recent changes in the dynamic properties of declining Arctic sea ice: A model study. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, 20, doi:10.1029/2012GL053545.

  • Lindsay, R., C. Haas, S. Hendricks, P. Hunkeler, N. Kurtz, J. Paden, B. Panzer, J. Sonntag, J. Yungel, and J. Zhang, 2012: Seasonal forecasts of Arctic sea ice initialized with observations of ice thickness, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L21502, doi:10.1029/2012GL053576.

  • Popova, E. E., A. Yool, A. C. Coward, F. Dupont, C. Deal, S. Elliott, E. Hunke, M. Jin, M. Steele, J. Zhang, What controls primary production in the Arctic Ocean? Results from an ecosystem model intercomparison, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2011JC007112, 2012.

  • A. Jahn, Y. Aksenov, B. A. de Cuevas, S. Häkkinen, E. Hansen, C. Herbaut, M. N. Houssais, M. Karcher, C. Lique, A. Nguyen, P. Pemberton, L. de Steur, D. Worthen, J. Zhang, 2012: Arctic freshwater: How robust are model simulations?, JGR-Ocean, 117, C00D16, doi:10.1029/2012JC007907

  • Clement Kinney, J., W. Maslowski, Y. Aksenov, B. de Cuevas, J. Jakacki, A. Nguyen, R. Osinski, M. Steele, R. A. Woodgate, and J. Zhang, On the flow through Bering Strait: A synthesis of model results and observations, AGU monograph, in press, 2012.

  • Popova, E. E., A. Yool, A. C. Coward, F. Dupont, C. Deal, S. Elliott, E. Hunke, M. Jin, M. Steele, J. Zhang, What controls primary production in the Arctic Ocean? Results from an ecosystem model intercomparison, J. Geophys. Res., submitted, 2011.

  • Steele, M., W. Ermold, and J. Zhang, Modeling the formation and fate of the near-surface temperature maximum in the Canadian Basin of the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C11015, doi:10.1029/2010JC006803, 2011.

  • Zhang, J., R Woodgate, and R.Moritz, 2010, Sea Ice response to Atmospheric and Oceanic Forcing in the Bering Sea, J.Phys.Oceanogr., 40(8), 1729-1747.

  • Panteleev, G., D.A.Nechaev, A.Proshutinsky, R.Woodgate, and J.Zhang, 2010, Reconstruction and analysis of the Chukchi Sea circulation in 1990-1991, J.Geophys.Res., 115, C08023

  • Zhang, J., R.A. Woodgate and S. Mangiameli, Towards seasonal prediction of the distributuion and extent of cold bottom waters on the Bering Sea shelf, sub. 2010 to Deep Sea Research II

  • Clement Kinney., J., W.Maslowski, Y.Aksenov, B. de Cuebas, J. Jakacki, A.Nguyen, R.Osinski, M.Steele, R.A. Woodgate, J. Zhang, On the Flow Through Bering Straight: A Synthesis of Model Results and Observations, sub. 2010 to Springer Book focused on the Pacific Artcic.

  • Zhang, J.L., M. Steele, and A. Schweiger, “Arctic sea ice response to atmospheric forcings with varying levels of anthropogenic warming and climate variability“, Geophys. Res. Lett, 37, L20505, doi: 10.1029/2010gl044988, 2010.

  • Zhang, J., R.A. Woodgate and S. Mangiameli, Towards seasonal prediction of the distribution and extent of cold bottom waters on the Bering Sea shelf, sub. 2010 to Deep Sea Research II

  • Clement Kinney., J., W.Maslowski Y. Aksenov, B.de Cuevas, J. Jakacki, A. Nguyen, R.Osinki, M.Steele, R.A. Woodgate, J.Zhang, “On the Flow Through Bering Strait: A Synthesis of Model Results and Observations”, AGU monograph, in review, 2011.

  • Zhang, J., Y. H. Spitz, M. Steele, C. Ashjian, R. Campbell, L. Berline, and P. Matrai, Modeling the impact of declining sea ice on the arctic marine planktonic ecosystem, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C10015, doi:10.1029/2009JC005387, 2010.

  • Steele, M., J. Zhang, and W. Ermold, Mechanisms of summertime upper Arctic Ocean warming and the effect on sea ice melt, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C11004, doi:10.1029/2009JC005849, 2010.

  • Steele, M., W. Ermold, and J. Zhang, Modeling the formation and fate of the near-surface temperature maximum in the Canadian Basin of the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., in review, 2010.

  • Rawlins, M. A., M. Steele, M. C. Serreze, C. J. Vorosmarty, W. Ermold, R. B. Lammers, K. C. McDonald, T. M. Pavelsky, A. Shilomanov, and J. Zhang, "Tracing freshwater anomalies through the air-land-ocean system: A case study from the Mackenzie River Basin and the Beaufort Gyre", Atmos. Ocean, 47(1), 79–97, doi:10.3137/OC301, 2009.
  • Rawlins, M. A., M. Steele, M. C. Serreze, C. J. Vorosmarty, W. Ermold, R. B. Lammers, K. C. McDonald, T. M. Pavelsky, A. Shilomanov, and J. Zhang,’ Tracing freshwater anomalies through the air-land-ocean system: A case study from the Mackenzie River Basin and the Beaufort Gyre’, Atmos. Ocean, 47(1), 79–97, doi:10.3137/OC301, 2009.

  • Lindsay, R.W., J. Zhang, A. Schweiger, M.A. Steele and H. Stern, “Arctic Sea Ice Retreat in 2007 Follows Thinning Trend”, J. Clim., 22, 165-176, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2521., 2009.

  • Wang, J., J. Zhang, E. Watanabe, M. Ikeda, K. Mizobata, J.E. Walsh, X. Bai, and B. Wu,’ Is the dipole anomaly a major driver to record lows in arctic summer sea ice extent?’, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, doi:10.1029/2008GL036706, 2009.

  • Zhang, J., M.Steele, and R.A. Woodgate,’ The role of Pacific Water in the dramatic retreat of arctic sea-ice during summer 2007′, Geophys. Res. Lett., in press.

  • Zhang J., M. Steele, R. Lindsay, A. Schweiger, J. Morison, “Ensemble 1-Year predictions of Arctic sea ice for the spring and summer of 2008″, Journal of Polar Science,submitted 2008.

  • Zhang, J, R.W Lindsay, M. Steele and A. Schweiger, “What Drove the Dramatic Retreat of Arctic Sea Ice During Summer 2007?”, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2008GL034005.

  • Steele, M., W. Ermold, and J. Zhang,’ Arctic Ocean surface warming trends over the past 100 years’, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L02614, doi:10.1029/2007GL031651, 2008.

  • Schweiger, A.J. , J. Zhang, R.W. Lindsay and M. Steele,’ Did unusually sunny skies help drive the sea ice anomaly of 2007′, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 35, L10503, doi:10.1029/2008GL033463, 2008.

  • Lindsay, R.W., J. Zhang, A. Schweiger and M.A. Steele, “Seasonal predictions of ice extent in the Arctic Ocean”, J. Geophys. Res., 113(C2), 2008.

  • Schweiger, A.J., J. Zhang, R.W. Lindsay, and M. Steele, “Did unusually sunny skies help drive the record sea ice minimum of 2007?”, Geophys. Res. Lett, 35, 10, 6, doi: L10503,10.1029/2008gl033463, 2008b.

    http://www.agu.org/journals/ABS/2008/2008GL033463.shtml

  • Zhang, J., and M. Steele, “Effect of vertical mixing on the Atlantic Water layer circulation in the Arctic Ocean”, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C04S04, doi:10.1029/2006JC003732,2007.

  • Zhang, J.,’ Increasing Antarctic sea ice under warming atmospheric and oceanic conditions’, J. Climate, 20, 2515–2529, 2007.

  • White, D., L. Hinzman, L. Alessa, J. Cassano, M. Chambers, K. Falkner, J. Francis, B. Gutowski, M. Holland, M. Holmes, H. Huntington, D. Kane, A. Kliskey, C. Lee, J. McClelland, B. Peterson, F. Straneo, M. Steele, R. Woodgate, D. Yang, K. Yoshikawa, T. Zhang,’ The Arctic Freshwater System: Changes and impacts’, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, G04S54, doi:10.1029/2006JG000353, 2007.

  • Serreze, M. C., A. P. Barrett, A. J. Slater, M. Steele, J. Zhang and K. Trenberth,’ The large-scale energy budget of the arctic’, ”J. Geophys. Res., 112, D11122, doi:10.1029/2006JD008230, 2007.

  • Proshutinsky, A., I. Ashik, S. Hakkinen, E. Hunke, R. Krishfield, M. Maltrud, W. Maslowski, and J. Zhang,’ Sea level variability in the Arctic Ocean from AOMIP models’, J. Geophys Res., 112, C04S08, doi:10.1029/2006JC003916, 2007.

  • Karcher, M., F. Kauker, R. Gerdes, E. Hunke, and J. Zhang,’ On the dynamics of Atlantic Water circulation in the Arctic Ocean’, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C04S02, doi:10.1029/2006JC003630, 2007.

  • Holloway G., F. Dupont, E. Golubeva, S. Hakkinen, E. Hunke, M. Jin, M. Karcher, F. Kauker, M. Maltrud, M. A. Morales Maqueda, W. Maslowski, G. Platov, D. Stark, M. Steele, T. Suzuki, J. Wang, and J. Zhang,’ Water properties and circulation in Arctic Ocean models’, J. Geophys Res., 112, C04S03, doi:10.1029/2006JC003642, 2007.

  • Steele, M., A. Porcelli, and J. Zhang, Origins of the SHEBA freshwater anomaly in the Mackenzie River delta, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L09601, doi:10.1029/2005GL024813, 2006.

  • Lindsay, R. W. and J. Zhang, “Assimilation of ice concentration in an ice-ocean model”, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 23, 742-749, 2006.

  • Lindsay, R. W. and J. Zhang, “Arctic Ocean ice thickness: modes of variability and the best locations from which to monitor them”, J. Physical Ocean, 36, 496-506, 2006.

  • Zhang, J., and D.A. Rothrock, “The effect of sea-ice rheology in numerical investigations of climate“, J. Geophys. Res., 110, C08014, doi:10.1029/2004JC002599, 2005.

  • Zhang, J., “Warming of the arctic ice-ocean system is faster than the global average since the 1960s“, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L19602, doi:10.1029/2005GL024216, 2005.

  • Uotila, P., D.M. Holland, M.A. Morales Maqueda, S. Hakkinen, G. Holloway, M. Karcher, M. Steele, N. Yakovlev, J. Zhang, A. Proshutinsky, “An energy-diagnostics intercomparison of coupled ice-ocean Arctic models“, Ocean Modeling, 11, 1–27, 2005.

  • Rothrock, D.A., and J. Zhang, “Arctic Ocean sea ice volume: What explains its recent depletion?”, J. Geophys. Res., 110, C01002, doi:10.1029/2004JC002282, 2005.

  • Menemenis, D., C. Hill, A. Adcroft, J.-M. Campin, B. Cheng, B. Ciotti, I. Fukumori, P. Heimbach, C. Henze, A. Kohl, T. Lee, D. Stammer, J. Taft, and J. Zhang, “NASA supercomputer improves prospects for ocean climate research“, EOS, 86(9), 2005.

  • Lindsay, R. W. and J. Zhang, “The thinning of arctic sea ice, 1988-2003: Have we passed a tipping point?“, J. Climate, 18,  4879–4894, 2005.

  • Lindsay, R. W. and J. Zhang, 2005: The dramatic thinning of arctic sea ice, 1988-2003: have we passed a tipping point?. J. Climate, 18, 4879-4894.

  • Zhang, J., D. Rothrock, and M. Steele, Recent changes in Arctic sea ice: The interplay between ice dynamics and thermodynamics, J. Climate, 13, 3099-3114, 2000.